How to access the HttpRequest object in Django forms

Passing the request object to the form

In your view, when you create a form instance, pass the request object as a parameter. Here I used a parameter named request.

Accessing the request object in the form

In your form, use the __init__ method to assign the request object to a variable. Here I used self.request.

Form validation

Now we can use the self.request variable to access the request object inside of our form methods.

In the following example, I used the self.request variable to check if the name of the currently logged user is different from the value of the ‘name’ field.

Django Forms – The difference between self.cleaned_data[‘field’], self.cleaned_data.get(‘field’) and self.data

By understanding how the attributes self.cleaned_data and self.data work and how to get its values, you can control and use them efficiently in your forms.

Defining the form

This is a simple ModelForm example for a model named Car.

I created the clean_price method to change the original format of the price field that will be passed to the form. This is particularly important, because it’s a key to understand the difference between self.cleaned_data and self.data.

Passing data to the form

The first thing to do is to create a dictionary and pass to the form as the first parameter.

What is self.data?

self.data is simply the original data passed to the form. So it will return the original data:

What is self.cleaned_data?

self.cleaned_data is an dictionary that receives all cleaned and validated data after calling the is_valid() method.

At this point, if we try to access the cleaned_data attribute, an AttributeError will be raised.

This happened because the cleaned_data attribute is created when we call the is_valid() method. After calling the is_valid() method, we have access to the cleaned_data attribute.

And, of course, we also have access to the original data passed to the form. Now, we can see the original and modified price after validation by the clean_price method:

The difference between self.cleaned_data[‘field’] and self.cleaned_data.get(‘field’)

cleaned_data is a Python dictionary and an attribute of the form object. As a Python dictionary, you can access its values by:

  • Specifying the key between [ ]: self.cleaned_data[‘field’]
  • Using get() method: self.cleaned_data.get(‘field’)

The difference between these two approaches is that if the key does not exists, self.cleaned_data[‘field’] will raise a KeyError, while self.cleaned_data.get(‘field’) will return None.

As you can see in the example below, the get() method also allows us to specify a default value if the key does not exists:

Como criar um ambiente virtual Linux para desenvolvimento – Tutorial passo a passo para iniciantes

Instalar diversos pré-requisitos e ferramentas de desenvolvimento e banco de dados no seu Sistema Operacional, ou implementar dual boot para manter dois Sistemas Operacionais, tem as suas desvantagens como gastos de recursos de máquina e ambiente engessado.

Por exemplo, utilizo uma máquina virtual com 512 MB de memória que uso constantemente. Nela desenvolvo sem problemas aplicativos em Python/Django e PHP/Yii, com bancos de dados PostgreSQL e MySQL. Não preciso sobrecarregar meu Sistema Operacional com diversas instalações para suportar a linguagem ou banco de dados e nem preciso reiniciar o computador caso a troca de ambiente seja necessária.

Não só desenvolvedores podem beneficiar de ter um ambiente virtual Linux, mas também aqueles que querem estudar o Linux e/ou testar comandos.

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